APRIMITIVEPLACE – Petra, one of the world’s most famous archaeological sites, is located in the Amman Governorate of Jordan. It has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was named one of the Seven New Wonders of the World in 2007.
Petra is often referred to as the “Lost City” because it was lost to the Western world for centuries. It was founded by the Nabataeans, an Arab tribe that settled in the region of Jordan in the 4th century BC. Petra became an important trading center between the East and the West.
Petra is located in a valley surrounded by sandstone mountains. The city was built using the natural rock formations that existed in the area. Many of the buildings in Petra were carved directly from the massive rocks.
One of the most famous buildings in Petra is the Treasury, a temple built in the 1st century BC. The Treasury has a very beautiful and imposing facade. The building is decorated with carvings depicting Nabataean gods and goddesses.
In addition to the Treasury, there are many other interesting buildings to visit in Petra. These include the Great Temple, the Monastery, and the Colonnaded Street. The Great Temple was built to honor the god Dushara, the chief god of the Nabataeans. The Monastery is a temple located on a cliff. It is larger than the Treasury. The Colonnaded Street is a street lined with columns. It was the center of economic and social activity in Petra.
Petra is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Jordan. The city offers stunning scenery and a rich history. Petra is a testament to the ingenuity of the Nabataeans, who were able to build a beautiful and impressive city in the middle of the desert.
History of Petra
Petra was founded by the Nabataeans, an Arab tribe that settled in the region of Jordan in the 4th century BC. The Nabataeans were skilled traders. They controlled the trade routes between the East and the West. Petra became an important trading center because of its strategic location.
The city of Petra was built using the natural rock formations that existed in the area. Many of the buildings in Petra were carved directly from the massive rocks. The Nabataeans were masters of rock carving. They were able to create beautiful and impressive buildings from the hard rock.
Petra reached its peak of prosperity in the 1st century BC. At this time, Petra was a thriving and populous city. It was home to around 20,000 people. Petra was also an important center of culture and religion.
Petra’s prosperity began to decline in the 4th century AD. This was due to a number of factors, including changes in trade routes, earthquakes, and attacks from the Romans. In the 8th century AD, Petra was abandoned by its inhabitants.
Petra was rediscovered by a Swiss explorer named Johann Ludwig Burckhardt in 1812. This discovery made Petra famous all over the world.
Preservation of Petra
Petra is one of the most valuable World Heritage Sites. The Jordanian government has taken a number of steps to preserve Petra. These steps include:
- Conducting research and excavations to uncover the history of Petra
- Building adequate infrastructure for tourists
- Conserving the buildings in Petra
These efforts have been successful in keeping Petra preserved to this day. Petra is still one of the most popular tourist destinations in Jordan.