Mount Agung Bali: A Place of History, Myth, and Mystery

APRIMITIVEPLACE – Mount Agung is the highest volcano in Bali, Indonesia. It is located in Karangasem Regency, in the northeastern part of the island of Bali. Mount Agung has an elevation of 3,142 meters above sea level and is one of the active volcanoes in Indonesia.

Mount Agung has a rich history, myths, and mysteries that are fascinating to explore. Here are some things you need to know about Mount Agung Bali:

History of Mount Agung

Mount Agung has been an important part of Balinese history since prehistoric times. The mountain is believed to be the abode of the gods and goddesses in Balinese Hindu beliefs.

In the Hindu Balinese sacred text, Purana, Mount Agung is referred to as Mount Mahameru, the dwelling place of the gods. The mountain is also referred to as Mount Lempuyang, which is one of the nine sacred mountains in Bali.

During the Hindu Balinese kingdoms, Mount Agung was an important place for religious ceremonies. Pura Besakih, located on the slopes of Mount Agung, is one of the largest temples in Bali and is the center of Hindu Balinese religious activities.

During the Dutch colonial period, Mount Agung became a hiding place for Balinese fighters. In 1906, Mount Agung became the site of a battle between Dutch forces and Balinese fighters. This battle is known as the Puputan Klungkung War.

Myths and Mysteries of Mount Agung

Mount Agung has many myths and mysteries that are believed by Balinese people. One of the most famous myths is the myth of the black cow. It is said that people with high spiritual knowledge can see a large black cow at the top of Mount Agung.

Another popular myth is the myth of the queen of the southern coast, Nyi Roro Kidul. It is said that Nyi Roro Kidul often appears on Mount Agung to meditate.

In addition to myths, Mount Agung also has some mysteries that have not yet been solved. One of the most interesting mysteries is the mystery of the eruption of Mount Agung in 1963. The eruption caused extensive damage to Bali and killed thousands of people.

Climbing Mount Agung

Mount Agung is a popular climbing destination in Bali. Climbing to the top of Mount Agung can be done through several routes, one of which is the Pura Besakih route.

The Pura Besakih route is the most popular climbing route because it is relatively easy to access. The route is about 10 kilometers long with a travel time of about 6-8 hours.

Climbing to the top of Mount Agung requires careful preparation, especially for beginners. Climbers must have excellent physical condition and bring adequate equipment, such as tents, sleeping bags, and food.

Mount Agung is a beautiful place with a long history. The mountain also holds many fascinating myths and mysteries to explore. For climbers who love challenges and want to experience a different climbing sensation, Mount Agung is the right choice.

Here are some of the myths and mysteries of Mount Agung that are popular among Balinese people:

  • Myth of the black cow

It is said that people with high spiritual knowledge can see a large black cow at the top of Mount Agung. The black cow is believed to be a symbol of natural and spiritual power.

  • Myth of the queen of the southern coast, Nyi Roro Kidul

It is said that Nyi Roro Kidul, the queen of the southern coast who is believed to be a mystical figure, often appears on Mount Agung to meditate. Nyi Roro Kidul is also believed to be the protector of Mount Agung.

  • Mystery of the 1963 eruption of Mount Agung

The eruption of Mount Agung in 1963 was one of the largest natural disasters to ever occur in Indonesia. The eruption caused extensive damage to Bali and killed thousands of people.

To this day, there are still many mysteries that have not been solved about the 1963 eruption of Mount Agung. One of the most interesting mysteries is about the cause of the eruption. Some experts believe that the eruption was caused by tectonic activity, while other experts believe that the eruption was caused by volcanic activity.